Raising Respectful Kids
Though you’re probably peeved when your 2-year-old starts spouting sass, know that it’s normal for toddlers to act out sometimes. Toddlers and preschoolers are learning emotional and behavioral regulation — the ability to recognize and rein in unwanted attitudes and actions — and won’t get it right all the time, says Edward Hallowell, child and adult psychiatrist, and N.Y. Times bestselling author of “The Childhood Roots of Adult Happiness.” “So much of a child’s attitude depends on inborn temperament. Don’t be surprised if you have one preschooler who can use words to work out conflicts, and another who can’t.” Adults can help tots learn to manage their attitudes by modeling the building blocks of emotional regulation, including using words to name emotions (“I feel frustrated right now”), taking a break to cool off when needed, and using respectful tones to speak with others — unruly toddlers included.
School-age children can certainly dish out attitude, but there’s a reason for this stormy season. With new social pressures, growing academic responsibilities and the advent of puberty, the tween years create the perfect storm of strong emotions and angry outbursts. Help correct a negative attitude with positive parenting tactics, advises licensed psychotherapist Sara B. Thatcher of Raleigh. Avoid talking about what you don’t want with phrases like “stop being rude” and “don’t swear,” and instead talk about what you would like to see. Saying, “please use kind words” in the same tone of voice you want your child to use is more effective than repeatedly shouting, “STOP,” Thatcher says. Spark more positive behavior with a kindness challenge: Each time kids show kindness or respect, toss a quarter into a kindness jar. When the jar is full, the family can use the funds for something fun.
Sweet one day, feisty the next — sounds like a typical teen. So how can parents tell normal teenage attitude from potential problem behavior, depression or a mood disorder? First, know that your moody teen is likely just reacting to the pressures and hormones of the teen years; most kids don’t have a mood disorder. “Concerning 'red flags' are excessive irritability, frequent bouts of tearfulness, explosive outbursts, significant changes in appetite resulting in weight loss or weight gain, sleep problems, and self-harming behaviors,” Thatcher says. If your child’s poor attitude is causing problems at home or school, reach out to a counselor, family therapist or your child’s pediatrician. “I tell parents, never worry alone. If you’re worried about your teen, talk to him or her about your concerns,” Hallowell says. Building a strong bond with your teen can help see you both through the highs and lows that come with high school.
Malia Jacobson is an award-winning health and parenting journalist and mom of three.